Quantified Electroencephalographic Changes in Depressed Patients with and without Dementia


We carried out quantified electroencephalograms (qEEG) in 17 patients with probable Alzheimer’s disease lAD), who also met the DSM-III-R criteria for either dysthymia or major depression, and 18 AD patients with comparable intellectual impairment but no depression, 13 patients with depression but no AD, and I0 age-matched normal controls. There was a significant effect .for depression in alpha relative power: depressed patients (with or without AD) showed a significantly lower alpha relative power in the right posterior region as compared to nondepressed patients; however, this change was observed over the right hemisphere in depressed non-AD patients, and in left, medial, and right posterior regions in depressed-AD patients.

Depressed patients without AD showed a significant global decrease in delta power, whereas depressed patients with AD showed significant increments in delta power in posterior brain areas. In conclusion, AD patients with depression showed qEEG changes that were significantly different from qEEG changes in depressed non-AD patients.


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